The field of quantum mechanics has long been restricted to extremely cold temperatures near absolute zero, making it challenging to observe and control quantum phenomena on a larger scale. However, a recent study led by Tobias J. Kippenberg and Nils Johan Engelsen at EPFL has revolutionized this notion. By combining quantum physics and mechanical engineering, the researchers have successfully achieved control of quantum phenomena at room temperature, pushing the boundaries of what was previously thought possible.

The main obstacle to conducting experiments at room temperature is thermal noise, which interferes with delicate quantum dynamics. To address this issue, the scientists developed an ultra-low noise optomechanical system that utilizes cavity mirrors with phononic crystal structures. These specialized mirrors trap light inside a confined space, enhancing its interaction with mechanical elements in the system. Additionally, a 4mm drum-like mechanical oscillator was designed to isolate it from environmental noise, allowing for the detection of subtle quantum phenomena at room temperature.

One of the key achievements of the study was the demonstration of “optical squeezing” at room temperature. This quantum phenomenon involves manipulating certain properties of light to reduce fluctuations in one variable while increasing fluctuations in another, as dictated by Heisenberg’s principle. By successfully showcasing optical squeezing in their system, the researchers proved that quantum phenomena can be controlled and observed in a macroscopic system without the need for extremely low temperatures.

The ability to operate the system at room temperature opens up new possibilities in the field of quantum optomechanics. This breakthrough technology will provide researchers with access to established testbeds for quantum measurement and quantum mechanics at macroscopic scales. Furthermore, the system developed by the research team could potentially lead to the creation of new hybrid quantum systems where mechanical components interact with other objects, such as trapped clouds of atoms.

The groundbreaking work by Kippenberg, Engelsen, and their team has paved the way for advancements in room temperature quantum optomechanics. By combining expertise in quantum physics and mechanical engineering, the researchers have overcome traditional barriers and demonstrated the feasibility of controlling and observing quantum phenomena in large-scale systems at room temperature. This achievement not only expands the capabilities of quantum technologies but also provides new opportunities for future research in the field.

Physics

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