The field of quantum computing is rapidly evolving, with researchers from the University of Basel and the NCCR SPIN making significant strides in achieving controllable interactions between two hole spin qubits in a conventional silicon transistor. This breakthrough opens up new possibilities for integrating millions of qubits on a single chip using mature manufacturing processes.

The Importance of Qubits in Quantum Computing

Qubits serve as the foundation of a quantum computer, handling the processing, transfer, and storage of data. For a quantum computer to function effectively, qubits must reliably store and rapidly process information. Furthermore, stable and fast interactions between a large number of qubits are essential for rapid information processing.

Advances in Hole Spin Qubits

Researchers at the University of Basel and the NCCR SPIN are addressing the challenge of arranging and linking thousands of qubits by utilizing hole spin qubits. Holes, which are essentially missing electrons in a semiconductor, possess spin that can adopt two states: up or down, analogous to classical bits. Hole spins have the advantage of being entirely electrically controlled without requiring additional components like micromagnets on the chip.

Development of Quantum Gates

In order to perform calculations, a quantum computer requires quantum gates that manipulate and couple qubits. The recent achievement by Dr. Andreas Kuhlmann’s team involves the coupling of two hole spin qubits, resulting in a controlled spin-flip depending on the state of the other qubit’s spin. This breakthrough paves the way for the creation of fast and high-fidelity two-qubit gates that can couple a larger number of qubit pairs.

The coupling of two spin qubits is based on their exchange interaction, which is electrically controllable and strongly anisotropic in the case of hole spins. This anisotropy, a result of spin-orbit coupling, enables the implementation of two-qubit gates without the usual trade-off between speed and fidelity. Experimental and theoretical physicists at the University of Basel and the NCCR SPIN collaborated to develop a model that explains this observation.

Qubits based on hole spins not only leverage the established fabrication processes of silicon chips but are also highly scalable and robust in experiments. The study highlights the potential of hole spin qubits in the development of large-scale quantum computers. With the ability to achieve controllable interactions between qubits and perform complex operations, hole spin qubits offer a promising avenue for advancing quantum computing technology.

The research conducted by the University of Basel and the NCCR SPIN represents a significant advancement in the field of quantum computing. By demonstrating the controllable interaction of hole spin qubits, researchers have opened up new possibilities for the future of quantum information science. The development of scalable and reliable qubit technologies is crucial for the realization of practical quantum computers capable of solving complex problems that are beyond the reach of classical computers. The exploration of hole spin qubits and their unique properties offers a promising path towards achieving this goal and accelerating the progress of quantum computing as a whole.

Physics

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